Importing and exporting of hemp and CBD products in the EU

The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the applicable framework for the movement of hemp and CBD within the borders of the EU as well as the import and export to and from “third countries”.

The import and export of hemp in the European Union is regulated by the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) framework, which lays down specific provision for the movement of hemp products across international borders.

Likewise, it is necessary to take into account the Combined Nomenclature (CN), which is “a tool for classifying goods when they are declared to customs in the EU, set up to meet the requirements both of the Common Customs Tariff and of the EU’s external trade statistics”. In practice, it means that each good will have a distinct number, and logically, hemp products have their own – for example, “true hemp” code is 5302 10 00.

Throughout our analysis, we refer to raw hemp and hemp seeds as agricultural commodities. Regarding CBD products, we limit the scope of this analysis to CBD isolates and CBD full-spectrum extracts, sold as intermediate goods. Finished products such as CBD edibles, cosmetics or e-liquids that may be treated differently under product-specific legislation are outside the scope of this report. A different regime will apply if the goods are transported to a from a third country or moved within the EU.

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Table of contents

1 Executive summary
2 Introduction
3 Within the EU
4 To/from third countries
5 CBD isolates
6 Relevant laws
7 Relevant bodies

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